Texas people have the option to pick their electricity providers. Though the electric prices in the wholesale market are a bit confusing and the price-fixing is not transparent. There are different types to produce electricity. In that mainly there are about six types. Energy providers get the electricity in these ways. Texas has four electricity grid, in that ERCOT ( electricity reliability council of texas ) is the major grid which has more than 75 percent of the Texas power system which is interconnected. Let’s see the type of electricity that production and how it will be helpful to the people.
Wind turbines :
These produce electricity by the large blades that connected with the rotator similarly like a fan which spins around when there is the wind, this will convert the wind into the electric power. In Texas there is 18.6 percent of the electricity is produced by the wind. Many companies have wind turbines to sell electricity. If the farmer does not yield anything in their land they can give the land to these types of companies for the wind turbines under the lease contract. The company will invest in the land with wind turbines.
Solar power :
Solar power the radiation of solar energy is generated from the west of Texas. Though solar power is accounted for small compared to other resources it is on the developing side. In texas 2018 it was around 1.3 percent of the total power energy but in 2019 it is about 2.1 percent. This difference shows the development of this resource. Even now with this small amount, it gives this solar power stand against the demand for electricity in the summer. By the upcoming years, solar power will yield nearly 3000 megawatts, which can provide electricity to more than 250 homes in texas.
Natural gas :
This method of generating electricity is by heating up the water which converted into water vapor from that the turbines get the electricity or this natural gas method is by the heated gas which surrounds in the earth which will be converted into electricity. One by the fourth of the electricity production in Texas is by the natural gas method.
Coal power :
Lignite coal yields the largest of about 40 percent of Texas electricity. Coal is a sediment rock made up of compressed peat. It is majorly in the region of the Gulf Coast in Texas.
Nuclear power :
By producing electricity through nuclear power helps to control the emission of pollutions like:
- Sulfur dioxide
- Nitrogen oxide
- Greenhouse gases
- Burning fossil fuels
There are two nuclear plants in texas. This gives power up to two million people which gives 2700 megawatts (MW).
This source of electricity can give good results depends upon the climate. In Texas, there is very little in rainfall and because of the dry climate, it generates around two percent of electricity. The possibility of improvement is also low.
These are the major resource that how texas gets its electricity, the major of all is coal power which gives the maximum amount of electricity to the people in texas.